During the Paleolithic era, [e1] several thousands of years ago, humans were hunter-gatherers and would eat the foods they found in the wild. The types of food they ate could vary depending on season and geographical area, but their diet most certainly did not consist of industrially processed food which is so readily available today[e2].
Processed foods[e3], like sugar-sweetened beverages, processed meats rich in salt and junk food are linked with obesity[e4], which in turn are risk factors for type 2 diabetes [e5] and cardiovascular problems[e6]. On the contrary, a healthy diet [e7] filled with vegetables, fruits, fish and nuts are associated with health benefits, such as weight maintenance, lower risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity and type 2 diabetes.
With this in mind, it’s interesting to consider how human health would be affected if industrially processed foods were eliminated from the modern day diet and only whole foods, like those from the Paleolithic era, were consumed.
Thus, the Paleolithic diet, shortened to the Paleo diet, has become increasingly popular in recent years and this article aims to explain its concept.
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